The north-western slope of the Gargano is characterized by the presence of the coastal lagoons of Lesina and Varano, two lake basins of brackish waters set like jewels on the crown of the promontory.
The isthmuses separate them from the sea and are intact habitat of Mediterranean bush and also host rare and endemic species such as the Cistus clausii dunal in the case of Lesina. Mediterranean habitats of formless and often intact, also hosting rare and endemic species such as the Cistus clausii dunal in the case of Lesina. Among sand dunes covered by Mediterranean bush, eucalyptus and Aleppo pines, lives a composite fauna, with foxes, hares, hedgehogs and numerous birds, including cormorants, egrets, ducks, coots, knights of Italy, herons, martin fishermen, flamingos, grebes and many migratory species that find in these wetlands an environment suited to them.
In the lakes there are several species of fish among which the eel, whose fishing is held from October to December. Fishing in the lakes has been and is one of the livelihood activities for the communities of the surrounding villages and is often practiced by means of traditional boats called “sandals” for their shape that reminds the footwear.
Numerous sites of historical interest around the two lakes: The Church of the SS. Annunziata, also called as the Church of the Crucifix for a fourteenth-century wooden polychrome Crucifix kept inside, the Grotto of San Michele di Cagnano Varano, the Church of S. Maria di Monte Devia, a jewel of romanesque art with its frescoes recalling the byzantine style, fortified farmhouses and coastal towers built to spot pirates coming from the sea.The lakefront of the village of Lesina is equipped to welcome visitors and it’s a starting point for pleasant and relaxing boat trips at sunset.